简明足球英语辞典 A Concise Dictionary of Football English——其他 Other

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其他 Other

goal drought 进球荒

riot 球场骚乱

protest 对不公平裁判的抗议

sellout 球票卖完

doping test 药检

sportsmanship 运动员的道德,风格

celebration of a goal 庆祝进球

spectator 观众

cheer team 拉拉队

relegate 降级

relegation zone 降级区

promote 升级

treble 三冠王

transfer 转会

cramp 抽筋

top flight 顶级联赛

debut 首次亮相

friendlies 友谊赛

benefit match 义赛

简明足球英语辞典 A Concise Dictionary of Football English——比赛方式篇 The Game

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比赛方式篇 The Game

half-time interval 中场休息

round robin 循环赛

group round robin 小组循环赛

extra time 加时赛

elimination match 淘汰赛

injury time 伤停补时

golden goal / sudden death 金球制,突然死亡法

eighth-final 八分之一决赛

quarter-final 四分之一决赛

semi-final 半决赛

final match 决赛

preliminary match 预赛

one-sided game 一边倒的比赛

competition regulations 比赛条例

opening ceremony 开幕式

disqualification 取消比赛资格

match ban 禁赛命令

draw / sortition 抽签

send a player off 判罚出场

red card 红牌

yellow card 黄牌

goal 球门,进球数

draw 平局

match ban 禁赛命令
ranking 排名
schedule 比赛日程

indicator, score board 记分牌

简明足球英语辞典 A Concise Dictionary of Football English——足球战术篇 The Tactic

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足球战术篇  The Tactic

set the pace 掌握进攻节奏

ward off an assault 击退一次攻势

break up an attack 破坏一次攻势

disorganize the defense 搅乱防守

total football 全攻全守足球战术

open football 拉开的足球战术

off-side trap 越位战术

wing play 边锋战术

time wasting tactics 拖延战术

4-3-3 formation 433阵型

4-4-2 formation 442阵型

beat the offside trap 反越位成功

foul 犯规

technical foul 技术犯规

break loose 摆脱

control the midfield 控制中场

set a wall 筑人墙

close-marking defense 盯人防守

简明足球英语辞典 A Concise Dictionary of Football English——足球技术篇 The Technique

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足球技术篇  The Technique

kick-off 开球

bicycle kick / overhead kick 倒钩球

chest-high ball 半高球

corner ball / corner 角球

goal kick 球门球

handball 手球

header 头球

penalty kick 点球

place kick 定位球

own goal 乌龙球

hat-trick 帽子戏法

free kick 任意球

direct free kick 直接任意球

indirect free kick 间接任意球

stopping 停球

chesting 胸部停球

pass 传球

short pass 短传

long pass 长传

cross pass 横传

spot pass 球传到位

consecutive passes 连续传球

take a pass 接球

triangular pass 三角传球

flank pass 边线传球

lobbing pass 高吊传球

volley pass 凌空传球

slide tackle 铲球

rolling pass / ground pass 地滚球

flying header 跳起顶球

clearance kick 解围

shoot 射门

close-range shot 近射

long shot 远射

offside 越位
throw-in 掷界外球

block tackle 正面抢截

body check 阻挡

fair charge 合理冲撞

diving header 鱼跃顶球

dribbling 盘球,带球

clean catching (守门员)接高球

finger-tip save (守门员)托救球

offside 越位

deceptive movement 假动作

break through 突破

kick-out 踢出界

简明足球英语辞典 A Concise Dictionary of Football English——球队称谓篇 The Title & Position

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球队称谓篇  The Title & Position

coach 教练

manager 教练(英国球队)

head coach 主教练

football player 足球运动员

referee 裁判

linesman / assistant referee边裁、助理裁判

captain / leader 队长

forward / striker 前锋

centre forward / centre 中锋

midfielder 前卫

left / right winger左(右)边锋

left / right midfielder 左(右)前卫

attacking midfielder 攻击型前卫(前腰)

defending midfielder 防守型前卫(后腰)

center forward 中锋

full back 后卫

center back 中后卫

left back 左后卫

right back 右后卫

sweeper 清道夫,拖后中卫

goalkeeper / goalie 守门员

substitute player替补球员

bench warmer 板凳球员

简明足球英语辞典 A Concise Dictionary of Football English——球场篇 The Field

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球场篇  The Field

field / pitch 足球场

midfield 中场

backfield 后场

kickoff circle / center circle 中圈

halfway line 中线

touchline / sideline 边线

goal line 球门线

end line 底线

penalty mark (点球)罚球点

penalty area 禁区(罚球区)

goal area 小禁区(球门区)

Competition is a Part of Life

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英剧《巴比伦饭店》拍得实在精彩,第三季第四集的开头和结尾有这么两段话:

Competition.
It’s a part of life.
A winner and a loser.
After all, how can you be the best,
if there isn’t someone worse than you?
But while competition might bring out the best in business,
it also brings out the worst in people.
Because although we may not want to admit it…
we all like to feel superior now and then.
We have to pretend not to, of course.
We’re meant to be good losers, gracious in defeat…
and gallant in victory.
竞争,
是生活的一部分。
赢家或输家
总之,怎么做才能从强手如云中脱颖而出呢?
竞争也许能使生意更上一层楼,
也能使人堕落。
虽然我们不愿意承认…
我们都喜欢有时候高人一等的感觉,
当然我们都会假装不愿意这样。
我们都会成为伟大的失败者,虽败由荣…
或获胜而骄。

Competition.
It’s a part of life.
Sometimes we’re so desperate to win, we don’t play by the rules.
Sometimes we don’t even know what we’re competing for, until it’s right there in front of us.
Which makes it all the more surprising when we win.
And all the more painful when we lose.
Rivalry, competition, these things can make us better people…
In some cases,
We all want something.
Sometimes we want it so badly that we let our feelings get the better of us.
And lose it as a result.
Sometimes we can’t say how we feel even if it kills us inside.
Sometimes there are no right answers.
You have to know what you want in life.
But make sure the things you think you want are really worth the trouble.
Sometimes, only by losing can we see what really matters.
And it’s only then, that we see we were winners all along.
竞争,
是生活的一部分。
有时候我们太想赢了,就会不择手段。
有时候我们根本不知道在争什么,
直到它出现在你面前,
会让你赢的完全惊喜,
输得完全痛苦。
敌对,竞争,这些能帮助我们更好的塑造自身。
有时候,
我们都想得到。
有时候因为太想得到,
往往就会,事与愿违,
最终失去。
有时我们无法表达出来,
即使内心极度痛苦。
有些事没有正确答案的。
你必须知道生活中你想要的是什么。
但也要确定你想得到的东西,
值得你为之努力争取。
有时候只有失败后,才能发现真谛。
只有在那之后,我们才会发现,
其实我们一直都是胜利者。

—— Babylon Hotel(Season 3 Episode 4)

Some Interesting English Words

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  1. honorificabilitudinitatibus 这个词是由27个字母组成的,出现在大文豪莎士比亚的剧本《爱的徒劳》(Love’s Labour’s Lost)里,意思是“不胜光荣”。
  2. antidisestablishmentarianism 这个词是由28个字母组成的。根据范克和华格若尔斯编的《英语新标准词》里面的解释,这个词的意思是“反对教会与国家分开学说”。它曾被英国首相格拉德斯通(William Ewart Gladstone)(1809-1898)引述过一次。
  3. floccinaucinihilipipification 这个词是由29个字母组成的。《牛津英文辞典》里就收录了这个词,意思是“把某事的价值加以抹杀的行为或习惯”。
  4. supercalifragilisticexpiadocious 这个词是由32个字母组成的,出现在一部名叫Mary Poppins的电影里,意思是“好”。
  5. hepaticocholecystostcholecystntenterostomy 这个词是由42个字母组成的,出现在高德编的《医学辞典》里,为外科术语,亦即在胆囊与胆管之间或肠子与胆囊之间接人工管子的手术。
  6. pneumonoultramicyoscpicailicovolcanoconiosis 这个词是由44个字母组成的,出现在《韦氏字典(第八版)》中,意思是“吸入硅酸盐细末或石英岩灰而形成的肺尘埃沉着病”。
  7. antipericatametaanaparcircumvolutiorectumgustpoops 这个词是由50个字母组成的。有个图书馆的书架上,陈列着法国作家拉伯雷的《葛甘塔和潘特古》故事系列。其中有一本,书名就是这个长长的单词。
  8. osseocaynisanguineoviscericartilagininervomedullary 这个词是由51个字母组成的。它是一个人体构造术语,曾出现在英国作家皮科克(Thomas Love Peacock)(1785-1866)的小说Headlong Hall中。
  9. aequeosalinocalcalinoceraceoaluminosocupreovitriolie 这个词是由52个字母组成的。它是英国医学家爱德华·斯特罗瑟(Dr. Edward Strother)(1675-1737)创造的,专用来形容英格兰格洛斯特夏布瑞斯陀这个地方的矿泉水成分。
  10. bababadalgharaghtakamminarronnkonnbronntonnerronntuonnthunntrovarrhounawnskawntooho
    ohoordenenthurnuk 这个词是由100个字母组成的。它出现在爱尔兰作家乔伊斯(James Joyce)(1882-1942)的作品Finnegan’s Wake的扉页,代表亚当和夏娃的堕落。
  11. lopadotemachoselachogaleokranioleipsanodrimhypotrimmatosilphioparaomelitokatakechymenokichle
    pikossyphophattoperisteralektryonoptekephalliokigklopeleiolagoiosiraiosiraiobaphetraganopterygon 这个词是由188个字母组成的。它是从希腊词英译过来的英文词,源出自希腊喜剧作家亚里斯多·芬尼斯(Aristo Phanes)(448-385BC)的剧本The Ecclesiazusae中。它是指由剩余的菜和牛肉合煮而成的辣味食物。

To Those Who Are about to Join the Profession

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Having a healthy relationship with your supervisor usually means you’re more satisfied with the work you do and have less stress.

 

How to Get Along with Your Supervisor

1 Show respect.Your boss is responsible for your work and the work of your colleagues. That can be a significant burden. Try to understand the business from your boss’s perspective. 尊重上司,站在他的角度去理解问题。
2 Don’t be afraid of your boss. Some supervisors can be intimidating, but remember, your boss needs you. Your performance is often key to the success of your boss. 不要惧怕你的领导。即使他很强势,他还是希望你为他分忧。
3 Don’t try to hide problems.First, try to solve the problem. If you can’t and the problem becomes serious, let your supervisor know as soon as possible. 碰到你无法解决的事情要及时向上司汇报,不要让其他人把你的问题汇报给上司。
4 Give honest feedback. Of course, temper your honesty with diplomacy. Choose your words wisely and use a gentle tone. Both should promote and contribute to an environment of mutual respect. 对上司讲真话。当然,你要小心措辞。
5 Maintain your boundaries. Getting too cozy too soon may lead to trouble. Not to mention that many bosses like to keep a professional veil between themselves and their employees.和上司过快地表现得很亲近可能会有麻烦,所以还是保持一定的距离比较好。
6 Manage your anger. This doesn’t mean you have to sit and stew when you’re angry. But learn how to communicate your anger appropriately. 在上司面前发火只会说明你缺乏自控能力。你要学会合理地化解郁气。
7 Learn to translate boss language. "If it’s not too much trouble" means "Do it, and the sooner the better". 你要学会“翻译”上司的话语,当上司说“如果这不是太麻烦的话”,他的实际意思是“做吧,尽快去做”。
8 Embrace your strengths and face your shortcomings. Recognize your own talents and nurture them. Ask your supervisor for advice to help you grow in areas where you’re weak. Take his or her advice and make an honest effort to improve. 发扬优点,改正缺点。

搞好了同上司的关系,我们同样渴望拥有一个和谐愉快的同事关系。

How to Be a Cool Colleague

1 Don’t steal other people’s things. Yes, we all like to borrow a stapler or mug every now and again, but return it. Nothing is more infuriating however minor it seems. 借了同事的东西一定要归还。
2 Be trustworthy.If you are told a secret once and you share it, don’t ever expect to be trusted again. 做个值得信赖的人,不要到处传话。
3 Don’t expect your colleagues to carry your workload. The working week ends on Friday afternoon – not Thursday lunchtime.自己分内的工作自己完成。
4 Acknowledge other people’s successes with good grace and good humour. 真心赞赏同事的成就。
5 Remember, if you’re gossiping and backstabbing someone, that person will assume you are doing it about them, too. In the office, be kind, considerate and keep your nose clean. 办公室里不议论他人,不攻击他人。
6 To make the right decisions and push them through, you will need the kid gloves more often than the boxing gloves. 做出一个正确的决定并去实现它,你更需要的是哄小孩的耐性,而不是要和自己的同事拼个你死我活。

Many of us feel tense, afraid, or inadequate in speaking in front of people. However, making a speech becomes a useful and necessary way to communicate with your colleagues or supervisors.

How to Present Yourself in Public

1 Mental and Physical Preparation. Gather your thoughts through deep breathing and stretching to calm your nervousness.Mental imagery is a tool for a speaker to minimize or eliminate any negative thoughts or fears about speaking.心理和生理上一起做好放松的准备。
2 Proper Attire. Do not wear anything that takes away from your presentation such as big jewelry, loud colors, or excessive makeup unless it is part of your presentation. 注意着装,这会是听众第一件留意的事情。
3 Stop comparing yourself with other people. There will always be some people who have more than you and some who have less. If you play the comparison game, you’ll run into too many "opponents" you can’t defeat. 专心做好自己,不要陷入和他人比较的怪圈。
4 Accept all compliments with "thank you." When you reject a compliment, the message you give yourself is that you are not worthy of praise. 接受每声赞美并真诚道谢。
5 Use eye communication. Find friendly faces and connect with the audience. Try to focus on connecting with your audience and eye contact will become comfortable. 用眼神和听众进行良好的交流。
6 Be extremely aware of your facial expressions and gestures. Always remember to smile at the audience. Use positive or open gestures instead of negative or closed gestures. 始终保持微笑并运用合理的手势。

你在众人面前慷慨激昂,才华毕现的确能让人刮目相看;如果你再能做到会议中展现大将之风,从容掌控局面,那么升迁晋级便指日可待。

Tips for Meeting Management

1 Ensure Appropriate Participants at the Meeting.Postpone the meeting rather than holding a meeting without critical staff members. 为了提高会议决策效率,需要确保会议关键人员到场。
2 Involve Each Participant in Actions. This ensures that each participant is invested in the topic of the meeting and in the follow-up. You’ll accomplish more results with the whole team pulling than with one dominant staff person trying to push everyone else up the hill. 调动所有人的积极性,确保每个与会者都在献计献策。
3 Be a referee and employ a time-keeper. Have one person in the meeting be the slavish time-keeper so you can focus on facilitating, summarizing, clarifying, and just keeping things moving. 严格控制会议时间和节奏,确保议题的讨论顺利进行。
4 Have a theme. Make it clear why this meeting is happening, why each person is participating at a given time, and then use your agenda to amplify how the theme will be explored in each section of the meeting. 引导大家围绕议题展开讨论,防止跑题。
5 Stay on target. As soon as the needed permission, notification, or task assignment is completed, just move on to the next item. 目标明确,一个问题解决之后立即解决下一个。
6 Follow up If you have been utilizing a project manager or note taker, be sure to use a few minutes at the end for him or her to review any major new projects or action items that were generated in the meeting. 给做会议纪要的人几分钟的时间,让其把决议重点重申一下。

文章节选自北外网院的博客

英伦腔调 British Accent

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对于钟情英伦腔调的人来说,最头痛的事情莫过于几乎找不到可用于练习发音的材料。我也一度有这样的困窘。

在中关村图书大厦,或者第三极数书局,又或者新东方总部三楼的大愚书店,但凡能找到的关于口语练习方面的材料,不管是书籍,磁带,MP3,CD,还是CD-ROM,几乎清一色是美式英语的。想找哪怕一张练习英式口语的光盘都似乎希望渺茫。

这其实是可以理解的,毕竟美国国力较英国强盛,美国的文化也具有压倒性的优势。这就像我们周围很多人哈“韩”哈“日”,却从未听说有人哈“朝”哈“蒙”。于是我们最经常看到的是美国的电影、美国的电视剧,听到的是美国的歌、VOA的新闻,遇到的老外也是以美国人居多(起码我是这样)。身边英语口语说得倍儿棒的朋友竟然全是一口夸张的美利坚腔。answer这个单词,众人似乎皆喜欢发音成“按色儿”,而我发成“昂瑟”,总感觉很别扭,甚是无奈。

最近于网上闲逛,无意间发现一个论坛——英伦腔调,如获至宝。“英伦腔调”乃沪江部落里的一个讨论小组,早在去年我就在沪江英语网站上注册,直至今日才发现该小组,些许遗憾。继续顺藤摸瓜,果真发现了一些有关英国口音的东西。比如另一个讨论小组BBC听力狂人集中营,里面有很多BBC新闻的听写稿,都是网络上的高手边听边记录下来的。有了这些文字,就可以结合相应的音频,加以模仿,效果值得期待。还有一本有声教程《English Phonetics and Phonology》,此教程为英国剑桥大学出版社出版的有声音CD,英语语音专家Peter Roach主讲,文件大小约为130M,其配套的文本在这里。再者就是一本叫作《Acting With an Accent》的英国不同种类的口音教程,其内容包括伦敦腔(Cockney),爱尔兰(Irish)口音,苏格兰(Scottish)口音以及标准英国(Standard British)口音,值得一提的是,当中前三者听起来颇为怪异,令人啼笑。另外,有两本电子词典带有单词的英式发音,《Collins Cobuild 3rd Edition》《Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary》。而《Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English》则同时带有美式和英式发音。

当然,以上这些材料在如今美音泛滥的情况下,实属稀少。但是在发达的网络上,尚有一些可供英音喜好者所利用的资源。据我所知,最方便找到,也是当下最多的英音材料莫过于BBC的纪录片,新闻听力以及podcast等,电驴里可以下到很多。众所周知的《新概念英语》(By L.G. Alexander )系列教程最原始的配音就是英音,这些也可以在电驴上下载

其实,与美国的大片相比,英国的电影则别样精彩。像《龙骑士(Eragon)》、《热血警探(Hot Fuzz)》、《007皇家赌场(Casino Royale)》、《在屋顶流浪(Hallam Foe)》、《超市不眠夜(Cashback)》、《超级无敌掌门狗:人兔的诅咒(The Curse of the Were-Rabbit Starring Wallace & Gromit)》、《哈利波特(Harry Potter)》系列、《小鸡快跑(Chicken Run)》等等都是值得看一次以上的,还有最近出的几部包括《黑暗物质:黄金罗盘(The Golden Compass)》和《尼斯湖水怪(The Water Horse: Legend of the Deep)》,也令人印象深刻(后者的主人公说的是苏格兰口音)。若是avi格式的电影,则可以去射手网下载与之匹配的英文字幕,有兴趣的则可以选择其中某个角色的发音进行模仿。《热血警探》里的男主角之一尼克·弗罗斯特(Nick Frost)就是个不错的选择。

总之只要有心,借助如此发达的网络,找一些英式英语的资源且不困难。想要练习发音,就自己假以时日的多听多琢磨多模仿,前途光明啊!愿与志同道合之士共勉。

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